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Tuesday, November 20, 2012

VAGINAL DISCHARGE: MAJIMAJI UKENI...KWANINI UTESEKE

Vaginal discharge is a term given to biological fluids contained within or expelled from the vagina.This serves an important housekeeping function in the female reproductive system. Fluid made by glands inside the vagina and cervix carries away dead cells and bacteria. This keeps the vagina clean and helps prevent infection.

Most of the time, vaginal discharge is perfectly normal. The amount can vary, as can odor and hue (its color can range from clear to a milky white-ish), depending on the time in your menstrual cycle. For example, there will be more discharge if you are ovulating, breastfeeding, or are sexually aroused. The smell may be different if you are pregnant or you haven't been diligent about your personal hygiene. None of those changes is cause for alarm
.However, if the color, smell, or consistency seems significantly unusual, especially if it accompanied by vaginal itching or burning, you could be noticing an infection or other condition.

Any change in the vagina's balance of normal bacteria can affect the smell, color, or discharge texture.
These are a few of the things that can upset that balance:
   Antibiotic or steroid use
  Bacterial vaginosis, a bacterial infection more common in pregnant women or women who have multiple    sexual partners
 Birth control pills
 Cervical cancer
 Chlamydia or gonorrhea (STDs), sexually transmitted infections
 Diabetes
 Douches, scented soaps or lotions, bubble bath
 Pelvic infection after surgery
 Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Trichomoniasis, a parasitic infection typically contracted and caused by having unprotected sex
Vaginal atrophy, the thinning and drying out of the vaginal walls during menopause
Vaginitis, irritation in or around the vagina
Yeast infections

Types of Abnormal Discharge and Their Possible Causes
ype of Discharge What It Might Mean Other Symptoms
Bloody or brown Irregular menstrual cycles, or less often, cervical or endometrial cancer Abnormal vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain
Cloudy or yellow Gonorrhea Bleeding between periods, urinary incontinence
Frothy, yellow or greenish with a bad smell Trichomoniasis Pain and itching while urinating
Pink Shedding of the uterine lining after childbirth (lochia)
Thick, white, cheesy Yeast infection Swelling and pain around the vulva, itching, painful sexual intercourse
White, gray, or yellow with fishy odor Bacterial vaginosis Itching or burning, redness and swelling of the vagina or vulva
Treatment depends on the cause

Here are some tips for preventing vaginal infections that can lead to abnormal discharge:
  • Keep the vagina clean by washing regularly with a gentle, mild soap and warm water.
  • Never use scented soaps and feminine products or douche. Also avoid feminine sprays and bubble baths.
  • After going to the bathroom, always wipe from front to back to prevent bacteria from getting into the vagina and causing an infection.
  • Wear 100% cotton underpants, and avoid overly tight clothing

4 comments:

  1. Mwanzo mzuri ndugu, tutakupa sapoti kadri ya uwezo wetu! Nina ushauri kiasi, kuhusu lugha kama unaweza kuandika kwa kiswahili chetu itakuwa poa sana maana si wote wanweza kiingereza. Pia kuhusu habari ka zikiambatana na picha itakuwa vizuri zaidi mfano haya magonjwa dalili zinaweza kumchanganya mtu hivyo beside ugojwa nina shauri picha iwepo kama kuna uwezekano! cheerz

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  2. asante sana Azath. tunaendelea kuleta mabadiliko makubwa katika hii blog ili ikidhi matakwa ya watu. ukiona post nyingi sasa tunaziweka katika kiswahili. asante sana kwa support na ushauri.

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